Heel pain is frequently caused by a condition known as plantar fasciitis which is also known as heel spur syndrome. Other factors can cause heel pain including arthritis, nerve irritation, tendonitis, a stress fracture, or very occasionally a cyst. To determine the exact cause, the podiatric surgeon will examine the foot and ankle thoroughly.
Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation or swelling of the plantar fascia which is a band of tissue which connects the heel to the base of the foot. When this ligament becomes irritated it can swell and cause heel pain. The irritation is commonly caused by structure problems within the foot itself. Wearing shoes which do not support the foot especially when standing or walking on hard, flat surfaces can also put strain on the fascia and cause pain. Those with the condition can also have a bony spur present which can contribute to the issue.
Treatment will typically begin with therapy and at-home strategies. Options will include:
Surgery can be used when these above treatments have failed and often can rid the person of the heel spur and/or operate on the plantar fascia itself.
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